Matsyasana is nothing but a fish pose in yoga, Matsya means fish and asana means pose or posture.
How to do it
Generally matsyasana can be done normally with just laying the body and advanced matsyasana should be done in padmasana position which very difficult one for beginners.
Initially go for padmasana position with back in erect position. Now try to lay down your back slowly with the help your hands such that the padmasana positioned legs should be on the floor.
Now take a normal breath, now comes the crucial stage, put your hands near your ears with the bending elbows, now with the help of your hands infact try to press the hands and waist such that the head and trunk of the body should be raised with the flat part of the head or you can say the crown of the head should rest on the floor.
Now you will have deep breath, try to close your eyes.
If you do it perfectly the whole back will look in arc shape.
Now slowly try to get back your head and trunk position by pressing your hands, take a breath slowly, now unfold your padmasana legs, put forward together and have nice normal breath by closing your eyes. There will be lot of stress on your neck and body, try to do shavasana for few minutes, then you can go for next asana.
It will be very difficult for beginners to achieve this, so try to do it slowly and practice for 3 to 4 times daily.
1) Relieves tension in your neck.
2) Stretches and tones your neck and abdomen regions.
3) Strengthens your upper back and back of your neck.
4) Head aches will be cured easily.
5) Cures asthma and other respiratory problems.
6) If done regularly it cures impotency.
7) Matsyasana goes for deep breathing, therefore the lungs gets strengthened.
Caution: People with heart problems, neck problems, weak body, slippery disc cannot go for matsyasana